Mysterious black hole discovered at the dawn of the universe

Astronomers Find the Earliest Supermassive Black Hole Ever Discovered

A Carnegie Institution of Science-led team has found one of the most elusive objects in the universe: a fully formed galaxy just a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

Scientists have discovered a supermassive black hole quasar, which originates from the very beginnings of the universe and it was "born" about 690 million years after the Big Bang.

The black hole in this newest, most distant quasar is 800 million times the mass of our sun. He was stunned. With a whopping mass, 800 times larger than that of our Sun, the black hole is nearly as old as the world itself. The light of the newly discovered most distant quasar yet carries crucial information regarding one of the earliest phases of the universe, the so-called reionization phase.

Simcoe and postdoc Monica L. Turner are the MIT co-authors of a paper detailing the results, published today in the journal Nature.

At a distance of about 13 billion lightyears, the most distant supermassive black hole known so far has been spotted by an global team of astronomers.

Schematic representation at top of page of the look back into history that is possible by the discovery of the most distant quasar yet known.

NASA says that this discovery could provide fundamental facts about those early days of the universe.

There is one large mystery that remains to be solved: How did a black hole of such massive proportions form so early in the universe's history? Quasars consist of a supermassive black hole and the swirling bits of matter it absorbs.

Before, scientists thought that if there were black holes that formed soon after the Big Bang, there would need to be certain conditions which would allow the supermassive black hole to be born.

"This is the only object we have observed from this era", said Robert Simcoe, the Francis L. Friedman professor of physics at MIT's Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research. The stars and interstellar dust are dominated by carbon, but heavier materials like magnesium, silicon, and nitrogen are also seen accreting into the black hole at the center.

But at a time when stars were just starting to light up, they wouldn't have had the time and mass to form such a black hole. Roughly 400,000 years after the original explosion, a lot of high energy particles slowed down and cooled down to become neutral hydrogen gas.

"We expect to find more such objects as new surveys of the sky come online [in] the next decade", Simcoe told MACH, adding that such astronomical investigations are "expected to be a growth industry".

The distance to the quasar was about 13 billion years. But the universe remained dark, without any luminous sources until the gravity created the first stars and galaxies that corresponds to our period.

The researchers used FIRE to determine that a large fraction of the hydrogen surrounding the quasar is neutral. That's how astronomers detect black holes.

Related news:

Hot News

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Could be the worst flu season
Dec 08, 2017 - 01:41
The flu virus is spread through droplets of saliva and mucus from the nose and mouth of someone who coughs or sneezes. If you received a flu shot this year, it may not protect you from contracting the potentially deadly disease.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Michael Flynn said Russian Federation sanctions would be 'ripped up'
Dec 08, 2017 - 01:41
With the clearance of Mueller's office, Cummings writes that he's now making the whistleblower's story public. Now, Mr Cummings wrote, he and his colleagues have been authorised to to go public with the information.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Offaly included in fresh snow and ice warning from Met √Čireann
Dec 07, 2017 - 02:35
A yellow "be aware" weather warning is in place for the region, which runs from 8am on Thursday until just before midnight. Forecasters have warned that Scotland will be battered by gale-force winds and "blizzard conditions" later this week.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Amazon launches Prime membership for S'pore
Dec 07, 2017 - 02:31
According The Straits Times , Singapore is the 16th country and the first in Southeast Asia to enjoy this service. But for a limited period, it goes for $2.99 a month, although Amazon did not specify for how long.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top IPL: CSK, RR allowed to retain players
Dec 07, 2017 - 02:22
The Governing Council meeting was attended by the members of the Supreme Court-appointed Committee of Administrators (CoA). The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) had asked franchises as to how many players they would like to retain.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Taylor Swift's fans are annoyed at Kim Kardashian.... again
Dec 07, 2017 - 02:14
Following Kim's December 6 post, T-Swift fans lashed out at the Keeping Up with the Kardashians star and flooded her feed with rat emojis.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top U.S. top court leaves in place Texas ruling questioning gay spousal benefits
Dec 06, 2017 - 01:09
But later in the argument Kennedy said Colorado's human rights commission seemed "neither tolerant nor respectful of Mr. Phillips said he knew right away that he couldn't create the product they were looking for without violating his faith.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Ex-Yemen President Saleh killed in Houthi attack
Dec 06, 2017 - 01:08
Saleh ruled the country for 30 years before being forced from power in 2012 following an attempted assassination. Ali Abdullah Saleh was sworn in as Yemen's President in 1990 following the merger of North and South Yemen.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Russia Has Been Banned From Competing In The 2018 Winter Olympics
Dec 06, 2017 - 01:07
The IOC will issue operational guidelines for the implementation of these decisions. The IOC executive board made a decision to suspend the ROC with immediate effect.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Air crew saw North Korea missile re-enter atmosphere
Dec 06, 2017 - 01:07
Cathay Pacific flight CX893 was making its way over Japan when Pyongyang fired the Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile. According to Senator Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), that is a comment that needs to be taken seriously.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Starbucks is opening a store in China every 15 hours
Dec 06, 2017 - 01:00
Revenue from the Asia-Pacific region accounted for nearly 15 percent of Starbucks' revenue for the fiscal year ended in October. There are plans for a fancy Starbucks roastery to open in NY next year, but the company says it won't be quite as large.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Robert Mueller has spent $3.2 million on special counsel's Russian Federation investigation
Dec 06, 2017 - 00:53
In 2012, his Trump International Hotel Hotel and Tower in Chicago was loaned up to $640m, according to a property filing. US Democrats have argued federal laws protecting customer confidentiality do not apply to requests from US Congress.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Ireland to reluctantly collect tax windfall from Apple
Dec 06, 2017 - 00:49
Apple will start implementing an August 2016 European Commission ruling, paying Dublin billions of Euros in back taxes. Starting next year, will have to start paying Ireland back billions of back taxes.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Special needs kids get to meet Santa at Bay Park Square Mall
Dec 05, 2017 - 02:31
Woodard says this is the first year the mall has had the event on their property and they plan to do it again next year. The report says it's unknown who took the full Santa Claus suit and an extra hat from a back room at the mall.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Chabahar port phase-I opens, to boost India-Iran trade
Dec 05, 2017 - 02:27
Pakistan now does not allow India to transport goods through its territory to Afghanistan because of hostility in their ties. In fact, reaching out to Afghanistan is one of the prime strategic objectives of the Chabahar port project for India.