They proved Einstein right and won the 2017 Physics Nobel Prize

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The Nobel Prize in Physics going to the LIGO architects for their contribution to detecting gravitational waves serves as a major encouragement for Indian researchers to participate in mega science projects and be leaders in them, said an official of the LIGO India project.

The German-born Mr Weiss was awarded half of the nine-million-kronor (£834,000) prize amount and Mr Thorne and Mr Barish will split the other half.

Two US-based instruments working in unison, called the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, detected the first waves caused by colliding black holes.

LSU's investment in gravitational-wave detection spans more than four decades, and is among the longest of the institutions contributing to the present discovery. They eventually determined that it came from gravitational waves that were generated 1.3 billion years ago.

A team of more than a thousand scientists, researchers and technicians, making up the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, discovered the first gravitational ripple in space-time in September 2015.

In this time-exposure shot of one of LIGO's interferometer arms in Livingston, Louisiana, the red lights symbolize gravitational waves. Kip Thorne and Barry Barish will share the other half of the prize.

"It's very sad that one of the UK's gravitational-wave pioneers, Ron Drever, didn't live to see this fantastic recognition of these ground-breaking discoveries".

Weiss is an emeritus professor of physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "We salute the LSU scientists who contributed to this discovery and all of the members of the LIGO scientific collaboration".

Meanwhile, Barish, a particle physicist also from CIT and the second director of LIGO, was instrumental in seeing the project through to construction, despite the fact that when he took over in 1994, it was in danger of being scrapped.

"We celebrate today the creation of gravitational astronomy", Thorne declared at a Caltech news conference. That things had worked out in essentially precisely the way that I had expected.

"Early on, both Kip Thorne and Rainer Weiss were firmly convinced that gravitational waves could be detected and bring about a revolution in our knowledge of the universe". This experiment is essentially a part of the astrophysical implications of Einstein's general theory of relativity. LIGO India is a joint scientific collaboration between LIGO laboratories of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the United States, and three leading Indian institutions, namely, the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune, Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar, and Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore.

The historic announcement in February 2016 that tremors in the very fabric of reality had been traced to the titanic collision of two black holes was widely tipped to be a Nobel Prize victor.

Past year the Nobel prize in physics became a British scientists David Taules, Duncan, GILDAN and Michael Costells.

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